The rules of golf state that you can only have a maximum of 14 clubs in your bag. However, that doesn’t mean that you must have exactly 14, as you can always opt-in to carry fewer. The specific rule for the exact setup of clubs in your bag doesn’t exist, and it depends on various circumstances. The club composition in a golf bag can depend on the competition, the weather, the terrain, the yardage and even on the players themselves, as certain clubs are harder to use correctly in the hands of an amateur player. However, keep in mind that there is no wrong setup; only what feels right and what’s most comfortable to the golfer.
If you include the driver, the clubs can be split into five categories: woods, irons, hybrids, wedges and putters.
Woods used to be made from different type of wood until they were all replaced by those made of persimmon. Nowadays, most of the manufacturers use materials such as titanium or carbon fibre, and even scandium. Even though the material significantly changed, they’re still called the woods as there is a distinct difference between them and the other golf club types.
Irons have multiple usages, such as getting out of rough terrain or hazard, hitting a shot from a tee box or even lobbying over the trees. Like woods, they got the name after the material they used to be made of. You can further split irons into categories, as they are numbered from 1 to 9. The main difference is in the shafts getting shorter, loft angles getting higher, and the club heads getting heavier.
Hybrids are sort of jacks of all trades but a master of none. They are a mix between the woods and the irons. However, most people consider them a subcategory of irons, as the hybrids are mostly used to replace 2-5 irons which are the hardest clubs in a bag for a golfer to use well.
Wedges are a subclass of irons which can be split further into multiple categories, depending on their usage. They are used for short shots where accuracy and precision matter the most and come as pitching, sand, gap, lob and ultra-lob wedges.
Among all the other clubs, the putter has the widest choice when it comes to the shape and the size, with three styles of the club heads and three length varieties. Choosing one that best fits you is a very personal process.